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PASSENGERS WITH DISABILITIES: ENABLING A MUCH-IMPROVED SECURITY EXPERIENCE

PASSENGERS WITH DISABILITIES: ENABLING A MUCH-IMPROVED SECURITY EXPERIENCE

Over the years, we have seen dramatic changes in the screening process, including advances in technology to address a wider range of threats. Yet the additional and changing procedures at checkpoints rarely make the screening process simpler for the majority of passengers, let alone for those with physical and other disabilities. Billy Shallow discusses common issues…
SENSITIVELY AND EFFECTIVELY SCREENING PASSENGERS WITH REDUCED MOBILITY AND PHYSICAL OR MENTAL ILLNESS: A CASE STUDY FROM BULGARIA by Elena Stoyanova

SENSITIVELY AND EFFECTIVELY SCREENING PASSENGERS WITH REDUCED MOBILITY AND PHYSICAL OR MENTAL ILLNESS: A CASE STUDY FROM BULGARIA by Elena Stoyanova

Screening passengers with reduced mobility and physical or mental illness is a huge challenge for aviation security personnel. Passengers should be checked in a way that reasonably ensures that they are not carrying prohibited articles. On the other hand, the screening should be sensitive to the mental and physical capabilities of each passenger. Regardless of the crisis…
THE UK GOVERNMENT’S POSITION ON BEHAVIOURAL DETECTION: A NEW RESOURCE FOR ALL

THE UK GOVERNMENT’S POSITION ON BEHAVIOURAL DETECTION: A NEW RESOURCE FOR ALL

© Crown copyright (2020), Dstl. This material is licensed under the terms of the Open Government Licence except where otherwise stated. To view this licence, visit http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence/version/3 or write to the Information Policy Team, The National Archives, Kew, London TW9 4DU, or email: psi@nationalarchives.gov.uk Governments…
Airport Security Design: new challenges in the COVID era by Jonathan Joohyung Lee

Airport Security Design: new challenges in the COVID era by Jonathan Joohyung Lee

Aviation security measures have been developing since the late 1960s. At that time, many aircraft hijackings were occurring in the US, as well as in other countries; most international security legislation that aimed to prevent this kind of security incident was implemented after 1974 when ICAO’s Annex 17 (to the Chicago Convention) was first issued. In those days,…
XIAMEN AIRLINES FLIGHT MF8301: MARKING THE 30TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE TRAGIC HIJACKING

XIAMEN AIRLINES FLIGHT MF8301: MARKING THE 30TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE TRAGIC HIJACKING

A domestic Xiamen Airlines flight was hijacked whilst en route to Guangzhou on 2 October 1990. The sole perpetrator, Jiang Xiaofeng, was a young man seeking to escape justice by claiming asylum in Taiwan; his actions resulted in three aircraft being destroyed on the ground, making it one of the worst air disasters in history. On the 30th anniversary of the tragedy,…

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16 SEPTEMBER 2020: 108 MILE RANCH, CANADA

South Cariboo Regional Airport announced that it had made changes to its computer security systems after its weather station was targeted by three separate ransomware cyberattacks throughout August.

15 JUNE 2020: CHATTANOOGA, TENNESSEE

A Chattanooga Metropolitan Airport Authority meeting being conducted over teleconferencing app, Zoom, was cut short after it was hacked into and interrupted with expletives and a pornographic video.

24 MAY 2020: NEPAL

A hacker named ‘Ghost057-5P3C706’ hacked the Nepal Civil Aviation Authority’s website and put an image of the Indian flag on it. The hacker also wrote ‘Just because we are silent and we don’t react doesn’t mean we didn’t notice.’

19 MAY 2020: UK

easyJet reported that their system was hacked and data relating to 9 million customers accessed. The data included email addresses and travel details, as well as the credit card details of 2,208 customers. easyJet was aware of the attack in January, notified customers whose credit card information was stolen in early April, and notified all customers affected by 26 May. easyJet claims that there is no evidence that customers’ data has been misused. The Information Commissioner's Office is investigating the attack.

25 SEPTEMBER 2020: ANTWERP, BELGIUM

Mike Gielen, 24, is alleged to have hijacked a helicopter, along with two friends, in order to facilitate the escape of his wife, Kristel Appelt, from Berkendaal prison. Appelt was in prison accused of murdering a former boyfriend. Gielen booked the helicopter ride a few weeks earlier, supposedly for an aerial photography tour over Brussels, departing from Deurne aerodrome, using his own name, and then, shortly after take-off, threatened the 36-year-old female pilot using replica firearms. The pilot circled the prison but could not land in the prison’s courtyard. The circling caused Gielen to feel nauseated and he vomited numerous times out of the window before giving up and ordering the pilot to fly to Hélécine, where a getaway car, driven by his step-father, was waiting in a car park. After the men fled, the pilot flew to Melsbroek airport where she was met by police. Gielen was later arrested, along with his stepfather and the two other accomplices.

23 FEBRUARY 2020: LOMÉ, TOGO

Three Burkina Faso nationals attempted to hijack a CEIBA flight that departed from Malabo and was en route to Lomé. The hijacking attempt occurred approximately one hour into the flight. Passengers and cabin crew were able to restrain the men.

26 NOVEMBER 2019: GASMATA, PAPUA NEW GUINEA

A charter airline, Tropicair, was refuelling in Gasmata when it was commandeered by eight men armed with guns and knives. The men forced the pilot to take off from Gasmata and land at an unused airstrip at Cape Matis where they stole the cargo and luggage from the flight and fled. There were no passengers on board and the pilot and aircraft were not harmed.

24 FEBRUARY 2019: CHATTOGRAM, BANGLADESH

Palash Ahmed attempted to hijack a Biman Bangladesh Airlines flight en route to Dubai from Dhaka, with a scheduled stopover in Chattogram (Chittagong). It was initially reported that Ahmed was carrying a gun and explosives and that he had fired two shots. Later, it was found that the gun and explosives were fake and that the shot sounds were caused by “cracker-like substances”. Ahmed demands were to speak to his wife and to Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina about his wife. When the plane landed in Chattogram, Special Forces negotiated the release of all passengers and crew. When the hijacker refused to leave, the authorities launched an eight-minute raid to remove him from the aircraft, resulting in Ahmed being shot. He later died from his injuries.

4 FEBRUARY 2019: KHARTOUM, SUDAN

A Sudanese deportee attempted to hijack Tarco-Air flight 103 en route from Cairo to Khartoum. Crew managed to restrain the man and the flight continued safely to its intended destination.

29 SEPTEMBER 2020: PALMA, SPAIN

A telephone bomb threat emanating from a caller in Madrid indicated that an explosive device had been placed at Son Sant Joan Airport.

19 AUGUST 2020: MANGALURU, INDIA

Vasanth Krishna Sherigar, 33, made a false bomb threat to Mangaluru International Airport by placing a call to the former airport director, whose number he found on Google. The former director informed VV Rao, Mangaluru Airport’s current director. Sherigar was arrested the next day. Allegedly, he made the threat in order to become famous.

20 AUGUST 2020: OMSK, RUSSIA

An S7 flight carrying Alexei Navalny from Tomsk to Moscow diverted to Omsk as a result of Navalny’s alleged poisoning by Novichok, and his subsequent need for urgent medical intervention; the crew, however, were told that Omsk airport was being evacuated due to a bomb. The crew landed regardless and were then initially told not to allow the passengers to disembark. The alleged bomb hoax was reported to have been called in five minutes after the crew requested permission to land in Omsk. It caused added speculation that attempts were being made to prevent Navalny receiving treatment.

28 SEPTEMBER 2020: DULLES, VIRGINIA

A live smoke grenade was found by screeners at Dulles International Airport. The passenger claimed that he had bought the grenade a few years ago at a military surplus store and thought it was inert.

23 SEPTEMBER 2020: CHANGSHA, CHINA

An Air China flight from Fuzhou to Chengdu diverted to Changsha Huanghua International after a man was found dead in the toilet. He is believed to have completed suicide.

19 SEPTEMBER 2020: BENGALURU, INDIA

A former Indian minister, Anand Asnotikar, was due to board a flight to Goa when he was detained by security personnel at Bengaluru’s Kempegowda International for carrying a firearm in his hand baggage.

22 SEPTEMBER 2020: SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA

YouTube denied access to the live stream of a San Francisco State University webinar featuring Leila Khaled, 76, a member of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine who participated in the hijacking of both TWA flight 840 from Rome to Israel in 1969 and an El Al flight from Amsterdam to New York in 1970. The webinar was organised by the university’s Department of Arab and Muslim Ethnicities and Diasporas Studies, but the feed was interrupted after 30 minutes and replaced with the message: “this video has been removed for violating YouTube’s Terms of Service”. Zoom had also refused to allow the webinar to take place on its platform.

17 SEPTEMBER 2020: KARACHI, PAKISTAN

It was reported that an investigation by Pakistan’s Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) into the authenticity of 282 commercial pilots’ licences found that 82 held fake or illegally obtained documentation, with 32 of these having cheated in their airline transport pilot licence exams. These 32 have had their flying rights suspended for a year and the remaining 50 have been permanently banned from flying. The investigation was launched following a fatal crash on 22 May.

11 SEPTEMBER 2020: BISSAU, GUINEA-BISSAU

Colonel Alassana Diallo, the head of Guinea-Bissau’s migration agency, was arrested in connection with a cocaine smuggling operation. 83 capsules of the drug had been seized at Bissau Airport and the dealer arrested. However, several national guard officers, allegedly under the direction of Diallo, subsequently stormed the police station, freed the dealer from his cell and seized the cocaine.

24 AUGUST 2020: ALGIERS, ALGERIA

Tahar Allache, the managing director of Airport Systems and Infrastructure Management Company, allegedly used his influence to help military and government officials smuggle money through Algiers Airport and out of the country. The UK Serious Fraud Office and the Algerian judiciary have been investigating, since 2019, whether Allache accepted a bribe from Ultra Electronics in exchange for a contract to supply electronic equipment to the new terminal at the airport. Additionally, Allache is accused of taking advantage of young women by setting up a casting couch operation and attempting to build a bedroom and jacuzzi next to his office at the airport.

22 AUGUST 2020: BATAM, INDONESIA

Reno Dwi Putra, a civil servant who worked for the Ngurah Rai International Airport was arrested at Hang Nadim International Airport for attempting to smuggle 3kg of crystal methamphetamine from Pekanbaru to Surabaya. It is alleged Putra carried out the crime successfully on three other occasions.

17 AUGUST 2020: NEW ORLEANS, LOUISIANA

Two workers at Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport were arrested on charges of theft after they allegedly stole jewellery, purses, a handgun, a knife, clothing and electronics from passengers’ checked luggage between December 2019 until May 2020.

14 AUGUST 2020: NOUAKCHOTT, MAURITANIA

Reports emerged that the passport of the managing director of Mauritania Airlines, Amal Mint Maouloud, was confiscated by police as part of an investigation into corruption during her time as Mauritania’s minister for urban development and spatial planning.

30 SEPTEMBER 2020: LISBON, PORTUGAL

Three Portuguese immigration officers were charged with the murder of a Ukrainian national who had tried to enter Portugal without correct documentation on 12 March. The man had become agitated when being forcibly deported. It is alleged that the immigration officers tied up his legs and arms and handcuffed him before repeatedly punching and kicking him. He was left in a room alone, where he had a seizure. He was later pronounced dead at the scene.

21 SEPTEMBER 2020: BALI, INDONESIA

A woman submitted a complaint to police claiming she was extorted and sexually harassed by a Kimia Farma employee as she underwent a rapid COVID-19 test at Terminal 3 of Soekarno-Hatta International Airport in July.

24 SEPTEMBER 2020: LEEDS, UNITED KINGDOM

Gerald Jackson, 56, was jailed for three months in connection with an incident in January at Leeds Bradford Airport. Jackson had been due to fly to Spain to visit his parents but had been informed that he was not fit to fly due to intoxication and later attacked police officers.

21 SEPTEMBER 2020: SOFIA, BULGARIA

Hassan El Hajj Hassan (left), a Canadian passport-holder and Meliad Farah, an Australian and Lebanese citizen, were tried in absentia and found guilty of carrying out the 2012 terrorist attack at Bourgas Airport, in which five Israeli tourists and a Bulgarian bus driver died and nearly 40 people were seriously injured. The pair have been sentenced to life imprisonment and Interpol has issued red notices for their arrest.

15 SEPTEMBER 2020: SINGAPORE

Roberto Eduardo De Vido, 56, was acquitted having been accused of molestation by a 25-year-old woman seated next to him on a Singapore Airlines flight from Japan to Singapore. De Vido claimed he was asleep when the alleged incident occurred.

26 SEPTEMBER 2020: SEOUL, SOUTH KOREA

Five aircraft en route to Incheon were diverted to Gimpo airport as a result of a real estate agent flying a drone to make a promotional video of an apartment block.

25 SEPTEMBER 2020: LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY

Manuel Martin Salazarleija, Jr., 26, was arrested for aiming a laser at a Louisville Metro Police Department helicopter, which was undertaking surveillance of a vehicle fleeing the scene of a pharmacy burglary.

30 AUGUST 2020: WASHINGTON D.C., USA

A police helicopter monitoring Black Lives Matter protests had to make an emergency landing because a laser was aimed at the eyes one of the pilots. The pilot was hospitalised due to the incident.

19 AUGUST 2020: ORLANDO, FLORIDA

A mother and her six children were removed from a JetBlue flight from Orlando to Newark because her two-year-old refused to wear a mask. The mother protested, claiming her youngest child was exempt from wearing a face mask according to JetBlue policy.

9 SEPTEMBER 2020: SAINT PETER, JERSEY

A passenger known only as ‘Nick’ who was flying from Jersey to Gatwick was forced by easyJet staff to wear a face mask and threatened with removal from the flight, despite having chronic asthma and presenting crew with a valid government-issued medical exemption card.

15 AUGUST 2020: VIENNA, AUSTRIA

Christina Kohl, 23, a flight attendant for Austrian Airlines and a candidate for Team HC Strache, a right-wing party, was fired from her role with Austrian Airlines for shouting anti-Semitic slogans at a rally.

10 AUGUST 2020: MIDLAND, TEXAS

A woman claimed that she and her 3-year-old autistic son were removed from a Southwest Airlines flight from Midland to Houston after her son refused to wear a face mask. The Southwest Airlines policy states that all passengers above the age of two must wear a face mask; if they cannot for any reason, Southwest will not transport the passengers.

5 JULY 2020: PESHAWAR, PAKISTAN

Benish Sadiq, a female Pakistan International Airlines flight attendant was accused of ‘misbehaviour’ when a female doctor at Bacha Khan International Airport demanded samples from her for COVID-19 testing after her arrival on a PIA flight from Abu Dhabi.

30 SEPTEMBER 2020: SAN JOSE, COSTA RICA

On a day of national protests against a new taxation system, demonstrators took to the Autopista General Cañas, the main road to the international airport.

13 SEPTEMBER 2020: TEL AVIV, ISRAEL

Protestors gathered to block the Ben Gurion International Airport approach road in order to prevent Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu from travelling to the US for the official signing of the Bahrain¬–Israel normalisation (‘Abraham’) accords. Most of the protestors were angry with Netanyahu’s international travel plans as the country prepared for a further lockdown rather than opposition to the accords.

30 SEPTEMBER 2020: SEBHA, LIBYA

The Khalifa Hafter-led Libyan National Army prevented an Afriqiyah Airlines flight from landing at Sebha airport by blocking the runway using military vehicles. The flight from Tripoli was forced to return to Tripoli’s Mitiga airport. The LNA claimed that its blockade was designed to force all flights from Tripoli-controlled areas to land in Eastern Libya first, before continuing to their destinations within Hafter controlled territory, as they wanted to screen all passengers themselves to prevent Tripoli from sending terrorists and extremists to Sebha.

3 SEPTEMBER 2020: LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA

Los Angeles International Airport employees staged a ‘die in’ protest to demand healthcare benefits be extended to those workers laid off due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

8 SEPTEMBER 2020: PANAMA CITY, PANAMA

Aviation workers including air and ground crew marched in protest of the lack of government action in response to Copa Airlines’ alleged breaches of employment contracts during the COVID-19 pandemic. Copa claimed it had had over 100 meetings with workers and unions to try to resolve the issues.

20 SEPTEMBER 2020: BAGHDAD, IRAQ

A Katyusha rocket was reported to have struck the Baghdad International Airport compound, which includes an American military base. The missile is believed to have been launched from Abu Ghraib. No casualties were reported.

30 SEPTEMBER 2020: ERBIL, IRAQ

Six rockets were allegedly fired towards Erbil International Airport. Four landed on the edge of the airfield. It was alleged that the Popular Mobilisation Forces were targeting U.S.-led coalition forces based at the airport.

6 SEPTEMBER 2020: BAGHDAD, IRAQ

Baghdad Airport was targeted by Katyusha rocket fire. Three rockets struck the airport’s car park. No injuries were reported, but four civilian vehicles were damaged. No group claimed responsibility for the attack.

4 SEPTEMBER 2020: DHUSAMAREB, SOMALIA

Al-Shabaab militants used mortar roadblocks in an attempt to take control of Dhusamareb Airport. However, the ambush was concluded after 15 minutes by Djiboutian-African Union forces stationed at the airport.

13 AUGUST 2020: ENUGU, NIGERIA

J.J Emejulu, a real estate agent, assembled a group of thugs to destroy the new perimeter fence around Akanu Ibiam International Airport. Emejulu had threatened to destroy airport buildings after claiming the land belonged to his clients.

16 AUGUST 2020: PORTLAND, OREGON

Ulises Tejeda-Ayala, 24, was arrested at Portland International Airport after he crashed his car through a gate and entered the runway. Tejeda-Ayala was travelling with three family members and told police that he was being chased by trucks on the highway and had driven to the airport to escape them. After he was questioned by the police, Tejeda-Ayala then attempted to escape the police with one of his children in his vehicle by driving under an aircraft that was taxiing. He stopped at another gate and was arrested.

21 JULY 2020: RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL

Armed men broke into Rio de Janeiro International Airport to retrieve an 18-metre balloon that fell onto the runway. Airport security arrived and a shootout ensued. The men escaped on a boat that sailed across the Guanabara Bay. Two people were later arrested.

16 JULY 2020: SANTA ANA, CALIFORNIA

Erik Baumle, 31, allegedly stole a Caltran truck from outside an amusement park and crashed it at John Wayne Airport. Baumle had opened the passenger door, thrown his dog into the passenger seat of the vehicle, which startled the driver who swiftly exited the vehicle. Baumle then climbed into the driver’s seat and drove off towards John Wayne Airport, where he entered a car park but managed to get the high-sided Caltran truck stuck between floors of the parking lot.

27 SEPTEMBER 2020: MIAMI, FLORIDA

Brittney Mohammadi, 23, and Manuel Arteaga, 26, were arrested prior to boarding their American Airlines flight to Los Angeles, after Mohammadi attacked a ground handling agent who tried to deny her boarding as she was barefoot. Both Mohammadi and Arteaga were alleged to have been intoxicated.

10 SEPTEMBER 2020: PYRZOWICE, POLAND

A 40-year-old man due to travel to Djerba, Tunisia, claimed to a check-in agent at Katowice Airport that he had a bomb. He later asserted that the comment had been a joke. He was fined 500 zlotys (c. £100) and denied boarding.

23 SEPTEMBER 2020: PAPHOS, CYPRUS

A 36-year-old British man caused a disturbance at Paphos Airport shortly after arriving on a late-night flight from the UK. The apparently intoxicated man kicked down metal bollards and shouted at police officers.

28 SEPTEMBER 2020: WINNIPEG, CANADA

A 34-year-old woman on a flight from Calgary to Toronto became unruly when she found out that the aircraft was stopping en route, as scheduled, in Winnipeg. She was arrested on arrival in Winnipeg.

25 SEPTEMBER 2020: MALTA

Two passengers on a Ryanair flight from London Stansted to Malta were arrested upon arrival for refusing to wear facemasks on board.

24 SEPTEMBER 2020: SEATTLE, WASHINGTON

Gyeong Jei Lee became unruly on a Korean Air flight en route from Seoul to Seattle. He allegedly placed a plastic bag on his head and started banging on the cockpit door, claiming he had a bomb, and demanding to be flown to Vancouver, Canada. Another passenger on board, Gene Parente, overpowered him, having chased him around the aircraft. The crew did assist, using a taser, but felt that they needed the assistance of a larger able-bodied passenger given Lee’s size.

21 SEPTEMBER 2020: DALLAS, TEXAS

A video posted to social media shows a man wearing his face mask around his neck and being verbally aggressive to cabin crew, telling them “you will be fired by midnight”. The man was allegedly angry about delays and COVID-19 measures.

5 SEPTEMBER 2020: AHMEDABAD, INDIA

Four individuals, Ramji Bharwad, Vanabhai Bharwad, Ramesh Bharwad and Vaghji Bharwad verbally and physically assaulted airport police officers who had stopped the men in their car on a road approaching the airport.

30 AUGUST 2020: LONDON, ENGLAND

A 34-year-old man from Kuwait and a 48-year-old man from Italy allegedly caused a Ryanair flight from Vienna to London Stansted Airport to make an emergency landing after two suspicious items were found in the aircraft’s bathroom. The flight was escorted by RAF typhoon jets. The men were arrested on suspicion of terrorism. The device was later deemed harmless and the men were released.

18 AUGUST 2020: PORT TOWNSEND, WASHINGTON

Richard Rasmussen Jordal, 59, is alleged to have stolen a Cessna 150 from Jefferson County International Airport after approaching the owner of a different private plane at the facility and asking to rent an aircraft. The man was reported to the police and the aircraft was discovered to be missing shortly afterwards. The following day, Jordal crashed the stolen plane near LaPush. A US Navy helicopter located the crash site, with Jordal inside the aircraft in a critical condition. Jordal was reported to have died from his injuries on 27 August. He held a student pilot licence and was on bail for threatening to kill a Lowe’s employee on 30 June.

15 AUGUST 2020: ASUNCION, PARAGUAY

Daniel Dorian Delmás attacked the security manager of Silvio Pettirossi International Airport, Leonardo Beraud, 56. Delmás pushed Beraud to the ground after Beraud told Delmás to follow COVID-19 protocols.

LEAD EDITORIAL

BY PHILIP BAUM

EDITOR-IN-CHIEF

PANDEMIC BLUES: KEEPING OUR EYES ON THE TARGET by Philip Baum

The year 2020 has been defined by the coronavirus pandemic. Sadly, even if a vaccine emerges in the next few months, in all likelihood 2021 will also be blighted by COVID-19. This will either be – and this would be the best-case scenario – just down to the economic impact of damage caused to the industry to date, or, and arguably more realistically, if the virus cannot be supressed to the point where normal air transport operations can resume, as a…

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